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انشا درباره بابا طاهر عریان به انگلیسی

BABA TAHIR ORYAN OF HAMADAN

Biography
Baba Tahir is known as one of the most revered and respectable early poets in Iranian literature. Most of his life is clouded in mystery. He was born and lived in Hamadan,[5] the capital city of the Hamedan Province in Iran. He was known by the name of Baba Taher-e Oryan (The Naked), which suggests that he may have been a wandering dervish. Legend tells that the poet, an illiterate woodcutter, attended lectures at a religious school, where he was not welcomed by his fellow-students. The dates of his birth and death are unknown. One source indicates that he died in 1019. If this is accurate, it would make Baba Tahir a contemporary of Ferdowsi and Pour Sina (Avicenna) and an immediate precursor of Omar Khayyam. Another source reports that he lived between 1000 and 1055, which is most unlikely. Reliable research notes speculate that Baba Tahir lived for seventy-five years. Rahat al-sodur of Ravandi (completed 603/1206), describes a meeting between Baba Tahir, and the Saljuq conqueror Togrel (pp. 98–99). According to L. P. Elwell-Sutton: He could be described as the first great poet of Sufi love in Persian literature. In the last two decades his do-baytis have often been put to music.
 



Legend has it that Baba Tahir was a very simple and innocent man whom everyone mocked and made fun of in his town. He was not a poet to begin with. One very cold winter day, people of the town decided to make a fool out of him just for fun. They brought him to a frozen fountain and told him if he swim in the icy water, he will become a poet. Being innocent, he believed them. He took off his clothes and entered the icy water. Everyone started laughing at him as he was swimming in the cold water. He realized he was made fun of and was heart broken. He came out and, to everyone's surprise, a "true poet" was indeed born out of the icy water on that day. Hence, he is called "the naked". His poetry has touched many souls.
Poetry
Baba Tahir poems are recited to the present day all over Iran accompanied with setar (in Persian: Seh Tar), three stringed viol or lute. They say Pahlaviat to these kinds of poems and they are very ancient. Baba Tahir songs were originally read in Pahlavi (Middle Persian),[6] as well as Luri and Hamadani dialects, taking their present form in the course of time. The quatrains of Baba Tahir have a more amorous and mystical connotation rather than philosophical. Baba Tahir's poems are of the do-bayti style, a form of Persian quatrains, which some scholars regard as having affinities with Middle Persian verses.[7] Classical Persian Music is based on Persian literature and Baba Tahir's poems are the weight that carries a major portion of this music. Baba Tahir's poetry is the basis for Dastgahe Shoor and in particular Gooshe of Dashtestani, Choopani and Deylaman.
Writing
Attributed to him is a work by the name Kalemat-e qesaar, a collection of nearly 400 aphorisms in Arabic, which has been the subject of commentaries, one allegedly by Ayn-al-Qozμat Hamadani.[7] An example of such a saying is one where Baba Tahir ties knowledge with gnosis: Knowledge is the guide to gnosis, and when gnosis has come the vision of knowledge lapses and there remain only the movements of knowledge to gnosis”; “knowledge is the crown of the gnostic, and gnosis is the crown of knowledge”; whoever witnesses what is decreed by God remains motionless and powerless.
Tomb
 
Tomb of Baba Tahir in Hamadan
His tomb is located near the northern entrance of the city of Hamadan in Western Iran, in a park, surrounded by flowers and winding paths. The structure consists of twelve external pillars surrounding a central tower. It was reconstructed in 1970.
Sample Poetry
Original in Arabic alphabet:
مگر شیر و پلنگی ای دل ای دل
به مو دایم بجنگی ای دل ای دل
اگر دستم فتی خونت وریژم
بوینم تا چه رنگی ای دل ای دل
Original in Latin alphabet:
Meger şîr û pelengî ey dil ey dil?
Be mû daîm bicengî ey dil ey dil
Eger destim fitî xûnit verîjim
Bivînim ta çi rengî ey dil ey dil!
Translation into Kurdish:
Meger tu şêr û pilingî ey dil ey dil?
Bi min re daîm bicengî ey dil ey dil
Eger bikevî destê min, xwîna te verijînim
Bibînim ka tu çi rengî ey dil!
Translation:
Art thou a lion or leapoard, O Heart, O Heart,
That thou warres ever with me, O Heart, O Heart?
Fall thou into my hands; I'll spill thy blood,
To see what colour it is, O Heart, O Heart!
Original Pahlavi:
خداوندا که بوشم با که بوشم
مژه پر اشک خونین تا که بوشم
همم کز در برانن سو ته آیم
تو کم از در برانی واکه بوشم
Original in Latin alphabet:
Xûdawenda! kê bûşim ba kê bûşim?
Mije pirr eşkê xûnîn ta kê bûşim?
Hemem kez der biranin sû te ayim
To kem ez der biranî va kê bûşim?
Translation:
Lord! who am I, and of what company?
How long shall tears of blood thus blind mine eyes?
When other refuge fails I'll turn to Thee,
And if Thou failest me, whither shall I go?
Original Pahlavi:
مو آن بحرم که در ظرف آمدستم
مو آن نقطه که در حرف آمدستم
بهر الفی الف قدی بر آیه
الف قدم که در الف آمدستم
Translation:
I am that sea and have come into a bowl;
I am that dot and have come into a letter;
in every thousand one straight-as-an-alef (alef-qadd) appears;
I am that straight one, for I came in a thousand
Original Pahlavi:
دلم از درد ته دائم غمینه
به بالین خشتم و بستر زمینه
همین جرمم که مو ته دوست دیرم
ز هر کت دوست دیره حال آینه؟
Translation:
Grieving for thee my heart is ever sad,
A brick my pillow, and my couch the earth:
My only sin is loving thee too well:
Surely not all thy lovers suffer so?
Original Pahlavi:
هزارت دل بغارت برده ویشه
هزارانت جگر خون کرده ویشه
هزاران داغ ویش از ویشم اشمر
هنی نشمرده از اشمرده ویشه
Translation:
More than a thousand hearts has thou laid waste,
More than a thousand suffer grief for thee,
More than a thousand wounds of thine I've counted,
Yet the uncounted still are more than these.
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    1. Baba Tahir - Wikipedia

      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baba_Tahir

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